Are you in debt and see no possibility of repaying your debts in the next few years? Consumer insolvency proceedings may help you
to find a way out of the situation.
How does consumer insolvency work?
The proceedings include four stages:
1. Attempt to reach an out of court settlement with all creditors (Stage 1)
2. A debt adjustment plan set up with the help of the court (Stage 2 can be omitted)
3. Court insolvency proceedings (Stage 3)
4. Discharge of residual debt (Stage 4)
The third and fourth stage together last 6 years. When the fourth stage has been successfully completed, you will be discharged
of your residual debts. This means that you no longer have to pay the debts that you have not been able to pay off until then.
Attempt to reach an out of court settlement (Stage 1)
Prerequisite 1 : You must make a list of all your debts!
Prerequisite 2 : You must live within your budget in future - no new debts!
Now you have to try to reach an out of court settlement with all your creditors. You should seek the
help of the schuldnerakuthilfe or a lawyer.
The schuldnerakuthilfe is more cheaper and will do all the work for you.
If you manage to reach a settlement with all your creditors (e.g. because third parties have provided money to pay off your
creditors), insolvency proceedings will not be necessary.
If the settlement proposal is refused, your schuldnerakuthilfe or lawyer will send you confirmation of this. You will need this
in order to open insolvency proceedings. You should ask your schuldnerakuthilfe or lawyer to help you to fill in the application
Debt adjustment plan with help of court (Stage 2)
This stage can be omitted
Once you have submitted your application for insolvency to the insolvency court, the court can decide whether you should
make another attempt to reach a settlement with all the creditors. This happens if the out of court settlement attempt only
just failed. If the majority of the creditors, in terms of heads and debt totals, agree to the plan, the insolvency court
can force the other creditors to accept the plan.
Court insolvency proceedings (Stage 3)
If Stage 2 seems to have no prospects of success (or if it has failed), the court will open insolvency proceedings and announce
this on the Internet. A trustee (lawyer) will be appointed.
The trustee basically has two tasks:
He makes a list of all the debts that creditors have registered.
The court will seize any attachable assets and attachable earnings.
Discharge of residual debt (Stage 4)
When the trustee has completed his tasks, the insolvency proceedings are closed by a court ruling and the final stage:
"Discharge of residual debt" begins.
The trustee continues to seize the attachable part of your income. If you inherit anything, you must give half to the trustee.
You may, however, choose to refuse the inheritance. Payments to individual creditors must be effected through the trustee.
It is also extremely important that you inform the trustee and the insolvency court of any changes in your family or financial
circumstances, or if you move or change job.
If you have fulfilled your obligations, the insolvency court will then grant you discharge from residual debts, which means that
you will be let off all outstanding debts.
You will not be discharged from any fines and debts arising from wilfully committed criminal acts (e.g. compensation for pain